The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation law in Union of Europe on data Privacy. It is an integral part of European Union privacy law and human rights law, particularly Article 8.
This article is the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. It also focuses on transferring personal data outside the EU and EEA areas.
It began to enforce the strict privacy standards on May 25, 2018. This cyber security framework targets to secure the personal data of all people in the European Union.
The GDPR has updated the 1950 European Convention on Human Rights to make it relevant for the digital period. Article 8 of the European Union states that everybody has the right to secure private family life.
Customers are conscious of their private data without a privacy standard like the GDPR. Everyone wants to secure his personal data and life.
In this regard, GDPR is dynamic global privacy law. European Union (EU) regulates it to help the organizations collect, handle, and protect the personal data of EU residents. Its framework can strengthen privacy rights by giving data subjects control.
What is the primary purpose of GDPR?
There are three primary purposes of the GDPR that are here below;
- Establish and secure the personal privacy rights of everyone.
- Unite Privacy Laws in the European Union by replacing 28 individual members of the European Union and replacing the last 1995 data protection guidelines.
- Adapt privacy laws that reflect the change in the technology on personal data in the previous 25 years.
Is there any need to apply GDPR in an organization?
To decide whether you need to have GDPR compliance, consider both the ”material scope” and the ”territorial scope”, whether you are in a jurisdiction or processing activity.
Does the GDPR applicable to US organizations?
US organizations are applicable within the scope of the GDPR. To check whether your organization complies with GDPR or not, a short analysis applies by looking at the material and territorial extent of the law.
It means that your organization processes collect, records, structures, stores, alters, uses, discloses, erases, etc., personal information of someone residing in the EU. Then for the trade or to monitor the behavior of EU citizens, you’ll fall within the scope of the GDPR.
What are the 11 Steps of the GDPR Compliance Checklist?
As you are now familiar with the basic concept of GDPR, let’s jump into the steps that your company needs to meet GDPR compliance. GDPR compliance looks a little different depending on your company, but there are 11 steps to follow a GDPR-compliant privacy program:
- To establish an actionable plan using the seven principles of GDPR
- To create a processing register for Article 30
- To operate Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA) and Privacy by Design (PbD)
- Design a framework for Consent Management
- Meet European Union requirements of Privacy Cookie Compliance
- Establish a Data Subject Rights Request Portal
- Review and Remediate Processor Risks
- Prepare the workflow of an incident report and violation management
- Review Cross Border Data Transfer Mechanisms
- Implement GDPR Compliance Training
- Appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO)
To whom can GDPR apply?
The GDPR affects any organization that offers goods and services to EU people, including companies outside the European Union. If you run an online business, you can never know whether the people are from European Union or not. That’s why all online businesses need GDPR compliance as a protective measure.
Personal data are of two categories
- Data Controllers
- Data Processor
The GDPR defines a controller as any individual, public institute, public agency, and other body that checks the purpose and means of personal processing data. Data Controllers decide how unique data need to process. They hold control of data, whether it is personal or not.
The GDPR defines data processors as any individual, public authority, public agency, or another body that processes personal data by the side of a controller.
As we know, processors are carrying out the data processing rules set by a controller; they cannot take a decision about how to handle personal data.
In addition, processors follow controller instructions; they want the GDPR compliant other than the processes as they handle personal data.
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation law in Union of Europe on data Privacy. Customers are conscious of their private data without a privacy standard like the GDPR. US organizations are applicable within the scope of the GDPR.